Growth and Yield For Sesame Cultivars Related to Boron

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Muwafaq.A. AL-Naqeeb Reyadh. J. Mansoor. AL-Maliky Ammar S. Mahdi. AL-Zubade

Abstract

  A field experiment was conducted through 2010-2011 in the experimental field return to AlKut forest project near the Tigris river\ General Directorate of Horticultural and Forestry at Wasit governorate. The purpose of this research is to know the response of four cultivars of Sesame to Foliar nutrition with Boron. R.C.B.P. were used with split plot in four Replications including main plot cultivars, Ishtar, Babel, Al-Rafidain, local. While sub-plot included four concentrations of boron (0,50,100, 150) mgb/L-1.   The result showed that Al-Rafidain was superior in the average of plant height and % of oil over all cultivars, while the local cultivars gave higher average of number of branches for plant and the highest first capsule from the surface of  soil. As for Ishtar cultivars was superior in capsule per plant, number of seeds per capsule, and the weight of 1000 seeds, that was reflected on giving the highest yield of seeds per plant in comparison with the others for each season. And the results showed no significant differences between the cultivars in Boron concentration in leafs.   The concentration of 150 mgb/L-1 gave the highest average in all characteristics that was studied, except that of the farness of the first capsule which was the highest value in control. While no any effect of boron in the weight of 1000 seeds for each season. The interaction between the cultivars and concentration was significant in all characteristics except the weight of 1000 seeds and the concentration of boron in leaf for each season, and the highest yield of seeds when spraying the cultivars Ishtar with Boron in 50 mgb/ L-1 concentrate was1450.23 and 1616.47Kg.h-1. While the local cultivars gave with control (water spraying only) the lowest yield of seed 866.85 and 927.76Kg.h-1 for each season.   We concluded from this research there is a response for sesame cultivars for foliar spraying with boron and an enhancement in plant performance with the increase of boron .Therefore, we recommend to apply more researches on cultivar Ishtar and boron spraying with 150 mgb/L-1.concentrate.

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How to Cite
AL-NAQEEB, Muwafaq.A.; AL-MALIKY, Reyadh. J. Mansoor.; AL-ZUBADE, Ammar S. Mahdi.. Growth and Yield For Sesame Cultivars Related to Boron. Ibn AL- Haitham Journal For Pure and Applied Science, [S.l.], v. 26, n. 3, p. 32-42, apr. 2017. ISSN 2521-3407. Available at: <http://jih.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/j/article/view/410>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2020.
Section
biology