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Seven strains of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. vicide were isolated
and purified from the root nodules of faba bean (Viciae faba) plants
collected from different agroclimatic locations in Baghdad and Diyala
provinces of Iraq. Screening of these strains gives four salinity tolernat strains which tolerate 1-5% sodium chloride supplement mannitol to salt yeast extract (M Y) medium. Colony forming units for the four tolerant strains under stress conditions were significantly reduced in comparison with those under normal conditions. Different tests were used to study the surface properties of stress tolerant strains under normal and stress conditions. No differences were found in the production of lipopolysaccharides (LPS), β (1 → 3) glucan and cellulose fibrils under stress and normal conditions. Symbiotic
properties of stress tolerant strains were studied by inoculating the
respective host plants with these strains. Strain NIMA1 was found to
be most efficient in symbiotic nitrogen fixation. No nodulation was
observed under stress condition.
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