Spectrophotometric Determination of Amoxicillin Trihydrate in Pure and Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms

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Hemn A. Qader
Nabil A. Fakhre

Abstract

A rapid and sensitive method for the determination of amoxicillin trihydrate (AMXT) based on the diazo-coupling reaction was studied. Sulphanilic acid diazotizes with nitrite ion in acidic medium to produce a water soluble, colorless diazonium ion, which subsequently coupled with AMXT to form a colored azo dye in the alkaline medium, having maximum absorption at 455 nm. The calibration graph showed that Beer's law is obeyed over the concentration range of 0.3 – 30.0 μg/mL of AMXT, with the detection limit of 0.15 μg/mL and molar absorptivity was 2.3 × 104 L/mol.cm. The accuracy and the precision were acceptable depending upon the values of error percentage and relative standard deviation. The influence of common interferences was studied and the method was applied with good recovery for the determination of AMXT in pure form and different pharmaceutical formulations, which commercially available in Erbil market.

Article Details

How to Cite
A. Qader, H., & A. Fakhre, N. (2017). Spectrophotometric Determination of Amoxicillin Trihydrate in Pure and Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms. Ibn AL-Haitham Journal For Pure and Applied Sciences, 28(3), 142–153. Retrieved from https://jih.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/j/article/view/149
Section
Chemistry