Detection of Increasing of Tropospheric NO2 over some Iraqi Cities by using Satellite Data
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This paper focus on study the variations of monthly tropospheric NO2 concentrations over three Iraqi cities Baghdad (33.3Â° N, 44.4Â° E), Basrah (30.56Â° N, 47.8Â° E) and Erbil (36.3Â° N, 44.06Â° E). Monthly NO2 retrievals from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) onboard Aura satellite during the period from October 2004 to March 2013 have been used. The results show a high monthly and annual NO2 concentrations at Baghdad than Basra and Erbil may be attribute to high densely populations and a high economic activity. During the whole period, Baghdad, Basrah and Erbil were exhibited an average of NO2 (8.1Â±2.5), (3.7Â±1.3) and (3.3Â±1.7) in unit 1015 molecules/cm2 respectively. The maximum concentration of NO2 is found in winter season in all year due to enhancement of atmospheric photochemistry. An elevated trend of NO2 concentration is found in study sites where maximum annual increase in NO2 is found at Erbil (11.53 % per year), Basrah (8.59 % per year) and Baghdad (7.42 % per year). A statistical study is needed to evaluate the economic activity in Iraqi cities to understand the reason of growing the air pollution over Iraqi cities.