Histological Study of the Digestive Tract of Liza abu (Heckel) 1-Esophagus

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Hanan R.D. Hussain
Wijdan B. Abid


  The study includes histological structure of  digestive tract of  Liza abu , Anatomical results found that the digestive tract occupied the largest part of  abdominal cavity ,  the mean gut length was (45.5) cm and relative gut length was (2.9) .  esophagus was a muscular tube length (1.5) cm , esophagus wall containing longitudinal  straight unbranched folds numbering (9) . Histological study  results found that the esophagus composed of four tunica : mucosa , submucosa , muscularis and serosa . The results found that the mucosa consists of three layers : epithelium , lamina propria and muscularis mucosa . The epithelial layer was stratified squamous epithelium thickness (139.1) µ containing big size mucous cells strongly staining with PAS and AB .Lamina propria under epithelial tissue thickness(148.3) µ composed of irregular dense connective tissue and does not contain esophageal glands .  Muscularis mucosa composed of smooth muscle fibers thickness(10) µ.   Submucosa was irregular dense connective tissue enriched with blood capillaries thickness(30)  µ .       Tunica muscularis composed of bundles of stri ated skeletal muscle fibers thickness(220.5) µ  arranged in two layers internal  longitudinal layer  thickness(73.5) µ  and external circular layer thickness  (147) µ . Serosa was thin layer of loose connective tissue thickness (21) µ .      

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Hussain, H. R., & Abid, W. B. (2017). Histological Study of the Digestive Tract of Liza abu (Heckel) 1-Esophagus. Ibn AL- Haitham Journal For Pure and Applied Sciences, 27(3), 87–99. Retrieved from https://jih.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/j/article/view/265