Enhancement of Antibacterial Activity of Face Mask with Gold Nanoparticles

Main Article Content

Farah sadiq Khasro
Hanaa Shuker Mahmood


The emergence of new dangerous diseases worldwide has led to the need to think about the possibility of enhancing prevention by using new technologies. One of the most important requirements emphasized in the recent studies is the effectiveness of the masks against pathogenic bacteria. In this study, the efficiency of anti-infection protective face masks against bacteria was enhanced by using gold nanoparticles prepared by the chemical precipitation method. The absorption spectrum of the prepared gold suspension shows a clear plasmonic peak at 522 nm. The measurements showed that the sample was made of polypropylene fibers, where X-ray diffraction tests showed peaks matching its crystalline structure. Immersion with gold suspension led to the emergence of peaks belonging to the composition of gold. The immersion treatment increased Young's modulus from 36.5 to 61.7 Mpa. The antibacterial assay showed the efficacy of the samples against E-Coli bacteria with an inhibition zone of 3 cm.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khasro, F. sadiq, & Shuker Mahmood, H. . (2022). Enhancement of Antibacterial Activity of Face Mask with Gold Nanoparticles. Ibn AL-Haitham Journal For Pure and Applied Sciences, 35(3), 25–31. https://doi.org/10.30526/35.3.2844


Stokes, K.; Peltrini, R.; Bracale, U.; Trombetta, M.; Pecchia, L.; Basoli, F. Enhanced Medical and Community Face Masks with Antimicrobial Properties: A Systematic Review. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2021. 10(18), 4066.

Jeemol, P.A.; Mathew, S.; Nair,C.P.R. Maleimide end- capped polyether telechelics as novel toughening agents for unsaturated polyester resin. Journal of Polymer Research, 2020. 27(10), 300.

Alwash, S.; Al-saadi, T.M. Assessment of the Mint-Copper Nanoparticles Treatment to Control the Infection of Saprolegniasis in Cyprinus carpio L, Annals of R.S.C.B. 2021. 16010 – 16019.

Syduzzaman, M.; Patwary, S.U. Smart Textiles and Nano-Technology: A General Overview, J. Text. Sci. Eng. 2015, 05, 1000181.

Mahdie, S.H. Preparation of unsaturated polyester/nano ceramic composite and study electric, thermal and mechanical properties. Iraqi Journal of Physics, 2018,15(35), 188–201.

Thejeel, M.A.; Mahdi, S. Preparation and investigation of the structural and mechanical properties of Nanobiomaterial zirconolite. Solid State Technology, 2020, 63, 1949–1961.

Rajput, N. Methods Of Preparation of Nanoparticles – A Review. International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, 2015,7(4), 1806–1811.

Jeyaraj, M.; Sathishkumar, G.; Sivanandhan, G. Biogenic silver nanoparticles for cancer treatment: An experimental report. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2013, 106, 86–92.

Kong, F.; Zhang, J.; Li. R.; Wang, Z. Unique roles of gold nanoparticles in drug delivery, targeting and imaging applications, Molecules, 2017, 22, 1–7.

Duong-Quy, S.; Ngo-Minh. X.; Tang-Le-Quynh. T. The use of exhaled nitric oxide and peak expiratory flow to demonstrate improved breathability and antimicrobial properties of novel face mask made with sustainable filter paper and folium plectranthii amboinicii oil: Additional option for mask shortage d, Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine, 2020, 15, 664.

Gu, X.; Xu, Z., Gu; L. Preparation and antibacterial properties of gold nanoparticles: a review, Environmental Chemistry Letters, 2021, 19(1), 167–187.

Kumar, S.; Karmacharya, M.; Joshi, S.R. Photoactive Antiviral Face Mask with Self-Sterilization and Reusability, Nano Letters, 2021, 21(1), 337–343.

Raja, D.A.; Munir, F.; Shah, M.R.; Bhanger, M.I.;Malik. M.I. Colorimetric sensing of cephradine through polypropylene glycol functionalized gold nanoparticles .Royal Society Open Science, 2021, 8(5), 210185.

Chen, D.H.; Chen, C.J.; Formation and characterization of Au–Ag bimetallic nanoparticles in water-in-oil microemulsions, Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2002, 12(5), 1557–1562.

Andric,Z.; Anin, M.D.D.; Jokanovic, V.; Canin, T.D. Mitric, M.; Viana, B. Luminescent properties of nano-SiO2:Eu3+/polypropylene composite, Journal of Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials, 2006,8(2), 829–834.

Rajendran, A., Antibacterial Properties and Mechanism of Gold Nanoparticles Obtained from Pergularia Daemia Leaf Extract, Journal of Nanomedicine Research, 2017, 6(1), 00146.

Paul, D.; Neogi, S., Synthesis, characterization and a comparative antibacterial study of CuO, NiO and CuO-NiO mixed metal oxide, Materials Research Express 6, 2019.

Mahmood, H.S.; Jawad, M.K., Antibacterial activity of chitosan/PAN blend prepared at different ratios, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2019, 020078.

Mahmood, H.S.; Jawad, M.K. Investigation of Chitosan/PEO Reinforced with AgNPs for Antibacterial Activity Prepared by Solution Casting Method, Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 2019, 22(09), 70–82.

Cui, Y.; Zhao, Y.; Tian, Y.; Zhang. W.; Lü, X.; Jiang, X. The molecular mechanism of action of bactericidal gold nanoparticles on Escherichia coli, .Biomaterials, 2012, 33(7), 2327–2333.